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people who remain inactive and do not actively fight. The opposit of mujahid.
a loan given for a good cause in the name of Allah, in hopes of repayment or reward in the Hereafter.
someone who recites the Quran.
it is the direction that Muslims face when they do their salat. It is in the direction of the Ka'bah in Mecca.
retaliation in kind (eye for an eye). In Islam though, retaliation should be forgone as an act of charity sura 5, ayah 48.
Day of Judgement, resurrection.
plural form of qadi.
the most powerful and prominent tribe in all of Arabia in the Prophet's era. The Quraysh were the keepers of the Ka'bah and therefore one of the wealthiest and most powerful tribes. The Prophet was from among the Quraysh. When he started to preach the True religion of Allah, the Quraysh violently persecuted him and his followers. They were badly defeated at the battle of Badr by the Muslims and their days of jahiliyyah were finally ended when the Muslims liberated Mecca and destroyed all the idols in the Ka'bah in the year 630 CE